History of Prague | Culter

History of Prague

Prague is an enigmatic part of the Czech Republic with a rich history that has contributed to an ever richer culture. The people of Prague have enjoyed a declaration of independence, survived the Nazi occupation, and worked through the harsh propaganda of communism and the troubles of a capitalist democracy.

The region of Prague has always been an excellent place for settlements thanks to the rich natural resources and the high ground which makes the area rather easy to defend against invaders. Inhabitation of Prague has been dated back all the way to the early Stone Age with many archaeologists having found different kinds of prehistoric and Neanderthal remains. In the 6th century, the Slavs entered Prague and coexisted with Germanic settlements and creating a network of colonies.  The first founded settlement in Prague was located on the hilltop which now houses the Prague Castle.

In 870 AB, the Prague Castle was founded by Prince Borivoj of the Premyslid dynasty. When the 11th century came around, the medieval city of Prague started expanding to what is now known as the Vltava River and the Old Town Square.  From the very beginning of Prague’s expansion, it was a very multinational area with many different people coming to establish settlements in the area.

Prague enjoyed a healthy monarchy and grew in population and territory.  The economy of the city was so strong that even the economic crisis of the 1920’s didn’t stop Prague from expanding. However, Czechoslovakia lost its sovereignty in 1938 when Hitler arrived in Prague. During this time, Prague suffered one of its most devastating eras as roughly 40,000 lives of the Jewish population in Prague were lost to the Nazis. Prague was later liberated by the Red Army and fortunately, although the battles were far from calm, retained most of the infrastructure.

In 1968, Soviet forces nullified any attempts for the establishment of a democratic attitude in Prague. The era of communism came to Prague and affected the city’s historical architecture negatively with the establishment of low quality buildings that were cold and far from the glorious ancient architecture. Prague enjoyed its second liberation from oppressive forces in 1989. Since then, Prague has been striving hard to regain its old beauty and becoming internationally recognized.